There is no cure for dementia, and while current treatments manage symptoms, they offer no prospect of recovery. The main therapies available come in the form of medications and social programs.
Drugs for dementia
For Alzheimer’s disease, most medications aim to correct the impact to the brain’s chemical messengers – called neurotransmitters – particularly, the cholinergic and glutamate neurotransmitter systems. Drugs known as acetylcholinesterase inhibitors prevent enzymes from breaking down acetylcholine (which is important for memory), meaning more of it...
Queensland Brain Institute
The Queensland Brain Institute (QBI)was established in 2003 and is home to more than 450 scientists and 42 laboratory leaders. Our researchers have made important advances in fundamental neuroscience and in diseases such as ageing dementia, schizophrenia and motor neurone disease.
This is Part 4 of The University of Queensland Brain Institute’s Brain Series on HelloCare
It is often helpful to categorise dementia into stages of severity to help doctors formulate a treatment plan, and for the person and their family to consider options for care. Dementia is often divided into early, middle and late stages, but medical professionals use a more detailed seven-stage scale, based on a person’s symptoms and assessment of cognitive decline.
Not all of these signs are always...
Rachel Corbett, a writer and media presenter, struck a chord with viewers of The Project earlier this year, when she spoke frankly on the panel about her mother’s dementia. Rachel’s mother was diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease in her late fifties and lived for 10 years with the condition.
In the early years, Rachel’s mother hid the diagnosis from her family. After Rachel found out, she realised why: there is still a lot of fear and ignorance about dementia. Her mother could “see...
This is Part 2 of The University of Queensland Brain Institute’s Brain Series on HelloCare
Dementia is not a single disease, but an umbrella term describing a collection of symptoms from a range of conditions that cause parts of the brain to deteriorate progressively. Dementia affects functions such as memory, perception, behaviour, language, and personality.
There are more than 50 conditions known to cause the symptoms of dementia. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common, accounting for about 60-70% of cases. Other common...